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PBS News Weekend full episode, Jan. 21, 2023

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JOHN YANG: Tonight on “” PBS News Weekend,”” democracy in situation. We obtain the most up to date on the anti-government demonstrations in Peru that are ending up being progressively lethal. JULIE TURKEWITZ: People are frustrated by a freedom that they don'' t believe is helping them, that they don'' t think offers them in the means that it should. JOHN YANG: Then, after weeks of storms as well as flooding, The golden state starts it'' s greater than a billion-dollar clean-up as well as healing. As well as different energy, a remote Alaskan village reveals other country communities a path to cleaner power and also an extra sustainable economic climate. (BREAK) JOHN YANG: Great evening. I'' m John Yang. In the roads of Lima, Peru, demonstrators are swearing to keep demanding the head of state'' s resignation, despite a solid police reaction and also a placing fatality toll.At the very least

55 individuals are dead and also 700 are wounded. The worst political physical violence the nation has actually seen in greater than two decades started last month in country areas and has actually now engulfed the capital city. Overnight in Lima, more violent clashes between protesters and cops. Demonstrators, some waving the Peruvian flag, others pressing as well as pushing with authorities, dealt with a wall surface of trouble shields. Tear gas and also smoke from fires shadowed the streets. Dozens of individuals were hurt. The militants, numerous from Peru'' s farthest reaches, had gotten here in Lima today by bus and by foot, resisting the federal government'' s statement of a state of emergency to demand the resignation of Head of state Dina Boluarte.JOSE DE LA ROSA

(via translator): We want the usurper Dina Boluarte to tip down as well as call for brand-new political elections. Demonstrations will continue. The south of the nation is riotous at the moment. JOHN YANG: The protests emerged across the country last month after previous Head of state Pedro Castillo was removed from workplace and also arrested. Intimidated with impeachment on corruption fees, Castillo had tried to dissolve Congress and also mount an emergency government.Boluarte, that was Vice Head of state, became Head of state. NO NAME GIVEN (with translator): We are
headed to Lima to battle. We are here for the injured, for the lots of deaths triggered by this de facto federal government. JOHN YANG: Castillo was Peru ' s initial leader from the country Andes area. Campaigning on the slogan no more bad people in our rich country. He assured to deal with long standing problems of hardship as well as inequality. His ousters outraged his country as well as native advocates, emphasizing their alienation from leaders in Lima. YORBIN HERRERA (with translator): We have actually pertained to protect our country, considering that we are under a dictatorship, a militarist federal government which has actually tarnished our country with blood. JOHN YANG: Protesters want instant new elections to select a brand-new Congress, and also they want a brand-new constitution.ALVELIO SANCHEZ (with translator ): What we demand is the resignation of Head of state Dina Boluarte. Likewise, we want the closure of Congress and also new political elections for 2023.
JOHN YANG: So far, President Boluarte has actually been bold. DINA BOLUARTE, Head Of State of Peru(via translator): That was not a calm protest. The violent acts that happened in December as well as January will certainly not go unpunished. I will certainly not obtain tired of welcoming those that are opposing, those who have moved from the provinces toward the resources for dialogue.I will certainly not get tired of telling them, let ' s service the vision this nation requires. JOHN YANG: Yesterday, prior to the most recent violence in Lima, I talked with Julie Turkewitz, the Andes Bureau Principal for The New York City Times. I asked her what she saw on a current coverage journey to southern Peru. JULIE TURKEWITZ, Bogota Colombia: In the last month, I ' ve been to 2 various parts of rural Peru. The distinction between the situation in Lima and the scenario outside of Lima is quite stark. The demonstrations were happening beyond the resources. You saw a lot of obstructions. You saw a whole lot of parts of the country that were truly paralyzed and a great deal of temper that is happening beyond the city. As well as that temper is very existing, as an example, in Juliaca, in Cusco, in Ayacucho, and also you actually didn ' t see it on the roads in Lima.JOHN YANG: What does that inform us that this distinction between the scene in Lima and also the scene on the countryside, what does that inform us regarding what ' s taking place? JULIE TURKEWITZ: These protests, I think, really show a rural-urban divide in Peru that has actually existed actually for generations and also generations, where a great deal of individuals in country components of the country feel that the federal government, that the country ' s freedom, is really just operating for a choose group of individuals. And so, what you see in a great deal of rural parts of the nation is that people really feel that security hasn ' t pertained to them, that economic success hasn ' t come to them, that opportunities for good education and learning hasn ' t concerned them. That divide, in several methods, has actually been exacerbated by the pandemic, which struck the nation very hard, by a dry spell that has actually likewise hit the country really hard, by rising cost of living, which has caused prices to rise actually quickly in the country.And you know, people are frustrated by their current conditions, hardship, inequality. However more, individuals are irritated by a freedom that they wear ' t think is helping them, that they put on ' t believe offers them in the manner in which it should. JOHN YANG: What is it that the protesters want? JULIE TURKEWITZ: You know, these objections began as this anger over the apprehension as well as the removal of former Head of state Castillo. And so,'in the beginning, people were requesting for his restitution, and also they were requesting for, if that didn ' t happen, brand-new elections as promptly as possible.The type of demands have grown from there, and individuals are requesting a brand-new constitution. You know, and also when were in Juliaca, we saw in rural Peru, we saw indications that claimed asking for like(international language)like a new homeland. As well as the frustration has actually reached such a level that people
are calling for a whole new system. What that brand-new system is unclear. JOHN YANG: Is this in any kind of way state anything or inform us anything about democracies across South America, across Latin America? JULIE TURKEWITZ: What we have actually seen in Latin America in the last 15 to 20 years is absolutely a decline in count on private freedoms and a decline in fulfillment with democracies. And also the sort of level of discontentment and also the level of suspect is specifically severe in Peru. JOHN YANG: Peru definitely is familiar with political chaos, is it? JULIE TURKEWITZ: It ' s a nation that has seen 6 head of states in the last 5 years, and also I believe what that has really caused is– or added to is an actual question in exactly how the nation ' s freedom functions.There is a, you know, a research that has actually been actually crucial for us in understanding what ' s taking place in the country that reveals that simply 21 %of Peruvians are satisfied with their freedom. 88 %believe that a minimum of 50 %of their political leaders are corrupt. Kind of provides you an idea of exactly how people feel about the government. JOHN YANG: There have been allegations of civils rights abuses in these objections? JULIE TURKEWITZ: There are several human civil liberties groups that have actually implicated the authorities of acting overmuch against militants that, in some instances, have been violent.I imply, they ' ve vandalized, they ' ve melted buildings, yet, you understand, the cops and the army, naturally, have weapons, and a lot of these people have died from bullet woods. JOHN YANG: Is there any type of resolution in view? JULIE TURKEWITZ: Among the primary kind of asks and demands of the militants is that the new head of state resigns. As well as she, you know, she was originally an ally of Pedro Castillo, but she has actually truly dug in her heels as well as she is not providing any indications
of– any kind of indicators that she will certainly arrange of acquiesce to protesters needs. As well as if that doesn ' t take place, I assume this is going to maintain going. JOHN YANG: Julie Turkewitz of The New York Times, thank you quite. JULIE TURKEWITZ: Thanks. JOHN YANG: In bordering Brazil, another democracy under pressure, Head of state Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva today fired his top military leader. The action comes after far-right fans of previous President Jair Bolsonaro stormed numerous federal government structures in the nation ' s resources earlier this month. Lula has openly called some of the members of the Army complicit in that day ' s rioting.In Ukraine, Head of state Volodymyr Zelenskyy and also his spouse went to the funeral service of Ukraine ' s Inside Preacher as well as various other high-level officials. The dead were sufferers of a helicopter accident previously today in the fog near a baby room on the borders of Kyiv. Seven other individuals were likewise eliminated, including a youngster. And also the United States. Navy claimed a former Seal that deserted his post in 2019 was killed in Ukraine today. He ' s the sixth American recognized to have died dealing with in Ukraine. No Americans are fighting in Ukraine in any kind of main ability. Abbott Laboratories validates'the Justice

Department is checking out the child formula manufacturing plant that went to the heart of the formula shortage in 2014. The Michigan facility is one of the country ' s most significant resources of baby formula. It was briefly enclosed February after the FDA examiners discovered potentially deadly bacteria. A brand-new Justice Department declaring in the Elizabeth Holmes situation says the disgraced biotech exec had a one-way ticket to fly to Mexico just three weeks after her scams sentence last year.Prosecutors are opposing Holmes proposal to be freed while appealing her eleven-year sentence, claiming she ' s a trip risk. Her attorney states the journey was for a good friend ' s wedding celebration and also was planned prior to the verdict. Still to find on “PBS Information Weekend Break,” California ' s billion-dollar clean-up and healing for large tornados'. And an Alaska area ' s initiative to utilize cleaner power and also produce a more sustainable economic climate.(BREAK)JOHN YANG: The golden state is in restoring setting after weeks of storms battered the state. Tornados are blamed for a minimum of 20 fatalities and also damages estimated to go beyond a billion dollars. President Biden declared a significant calamity, which releases up federal sources to aid in the recuperation. Currently, that the most awful of the storms has actually passed, the cleaning has started. MARJORIE CRUZ, BERKELEY HOMEOWNER: It ' s frightening. JOHN YANG: Marjorie Cruz ' s Berkeley house was ruined “by a mudslide. MARJORIE CRUZ: We simply completed redesigning your house, so it ' s tough to see it all go and we ' ll have to begin again.JOHN YANG: For weeks, 9 so called atmospheric rivers, long slim sections of the environment that carry water vapor mauled the drought-stricken state. Torrential downpours turned neighborhoods into lakes and also activated numerous landslides, leading to prevalent power blackouts as well as mass evacuations. There were sinkholes in Los Angeles Area, rockslides in Fresno, blizzards in the Sierra Nevada. And there were daring rescues. In Laguna Hills, first responders airlifted a lady from a rapidly climbing creek. Today, Head of state Biden checked damages along the central coastline. JOE BIDEN,(D)U.S. Head of state: If anybody questions the climate is altering, then they need to have been asleep for the last number of years. We understand a few of the damage is mosting likely to take years to fully recover as well as restore. However we reached re– not simply restore. We obtained to rebuild much better. JOHN YANG: The area of Felton, southwest of San Jose, flooded three times in 2 weeks. CAITLIN CLANCY, Felton Local: It ' s simply a whole lot. And after that to go via the third time, it ' s just beating. MEHRDAD AZIM, Felton Homeowner: It ' s always challenging. You experience this psychological roller coaster. It ' s mosting likely to be alright. It ' s not okay.But truthfully, if my difficulties in life is some mud on the flooring and also some shed equipment I consider myself honored and also lucky. JOHN YANG: There is one positive side, the Deluge renew several of The golden state ' s depleted reservoirs. Stephanie Sy talked with Brian Ferguson of the Governor ' s Workplace of Emergency Providers concerning the recuperation initiatives. STEPHANIE SY: Brian Ferguson, thanks a lot for joining us. I understand it ' s been a long, difficult pair of weeks for California. Just define to us the range of the damage you ' re seeing as well as where points stand today? BRIAN FERGUSON, Replacement Director Guv ' s Workplace of'Emergency Situation Providers: Yeah, thank you a lot for having us. This has actually really been a dynamic and challenging

collection of tornados, 48 of our counties have proclaimed either a state of emergency or sent damages to the state. The substantial bulk of our state has had impacts in some means, form or form from San Diego and also the south, where they were doing swift water saves, to Humboldt near'the Oregon border where we had mudslides as well as everywhere in between. As well as so, actually an extraordinary, tough catastrophe that is currently preventing a little bit.But we have a considerable quantity of cleanup as well as recuperation that is actually recently encouraging. The Federal'Major Calamity Affirmation will certainly expedite help to the communities for the financial pieces, but it will be months, if not years in some situations, for these neighborhoods to repair all the damage that happened as an outcome of these tornados. STEPHANIE SY: Equally as far as the prompt damages to framework, speak about where roadways and also various other thoroughfares that may have been obstructed, as an example, by down trees or down high-voltage line, where clean-up is keeping that? BRIAN FERGUSON: Yeah, we ' re actually fortunate that we have some of the best roadway crews in the country in terms of getting things back open, particularly our lifeline paths that are crucial for people to either reach service or work or for shipping.Many of our seaside areas, it will certainly be at some time. There ' s a significant sinkhole, regarding 27 feet around near Half Moon Bay, Big Sur as well as Freeway 1. There are huge portions that have actually been rinsed. And afterwards the facilities, the communities and the individuals that have actually been affected are significant. As well as those organizations, we ' re trying to maximize assistance so they can rebuild and also recuperate, but definitely not all their losses may be covered. Therefore truly the mission right here is to how do we support areas, just how do we sustain people and also aid them get back as well as recover and restore swiftly? STEPHANIE SY: Have there been a whole lot of people displaced? I ' ve check out that there were a great deal of residences damaged.Whenever we think of California, we worry regarding real estate and being homeless. As well as I just would like to know if just how lots of

people might finish up being homeless as a result of these storms? BRIAN FERGUSON: Yeah, we think that there are numerous thousand residences. There ' ll be red tag, which indicates unoccupiable, either because of flooding or mudslides or particles circulations. As well as among the important things we ' re constantly checking out, what are the influences on the most prone in our neighborhoods? We understand that individuals that either are older Californians have handicaps, maybe English is their second language. Those people are overmuch influenced by all calamities. And so, a huge component of the effort underway now is what solutions can we offer? What local nonprofits or philanthropic organizations can offer aid to make sure that we can aid those that'need assistance the most.STEPHANIE SY: When you ' re taking a look at just the
mess, the days of extreme rain, landslides, every one of that has left, exactly how do you triage that from an emergency situation solutions point of view? What is most essential now? BRIAN FERGUSON: Well, clearly the protection of life and residential property is things that we look at initially. However, we ' ve seasoned 21 casualties thus far. There still is a five-year-old young boy who ' s missing that, you understand, extremely'concerned about. And, you understand, the work that we do on these is actually about just how do we protect people, just how do we keep lives, exactly how do we maintain individuals secure? We ' ve also had greater than 1400 saves that have actually taken place either via airplanes, getting people off roof coverings, swift water rescue vehicles. And so, actually the goal of the folks at Cal OES, the State of California, is to place sources right into communities early before the water comes as well as make use of the most effective science and also modern technology that we have to try to place firefighters, first responders,'ambulances to get individuals out safely.And absolutely, this is a case that could have been much even worse otherwise for those early initiatives. And also, you recognize, we always intend to discover, entail as well as to improve at each calamity that we deal with. And also regrettably, we ' ve had a great deal of technique in California as well as most of things we ' ve learned during wildfires'or other calamities concerned bear during this battle we ' ve had the last number of weeks. STEPHANIE SY: That truly brings up my following factor, which is that with environment adjustment, a great deal of experts predict that The golden state will certainly experience an extra severe cycle between drought and also wildfire and also flooding.It ' s also been predicted that The golden state may see a much even worse storm event, a so-called mega tornado over a duration of thirty day. Have these last pair of weeks been a wake-up telephone call? Do you think there will be a lot more plans oriented towards prep work for these sort of events in the future? BRIAN FERGUSON: You recognize, for those people that do this work, this is not a surprise.

We ' ve been seeing the effects of environment change firsthand, with 1000-year dry spell in the American West record wildfires occurring and also all of these catastrophes in fact intensify each other.The rains that have fallen the last several weeks have been even worse and been much more damaging as an outcome of the dry spell and the wildfires. Our burned marks that were the fires have actually come through can result in landslides. Various other locations have actually been influenced on drought, obtain so hard that the water doesn ' t soak up in the soil and runs downstream almost like a bobsled track, gaining ground as it goes as well as ending up being more dangerous.It is very clear that the environment adjustment is affecting the manner in which we

do'catastrophes in The golden state as well as the variety of individuals in jeopardy. We do anticipate that to remain to obtain even worse in the years to come as well as that ' s why we ' re trying to up our video game to keep up. However eventually a lot of this work is also about individual humans and also families as well as the actions they can require prepared as well.STEPHANIE SY: Brian Ferguson with the California Governor ' s Workplace of Emergency Solutions, thank you a lot for joining us. BRIAN FERGUSON: Thank you. JOHN YANG: In the remote village of Ambler, Alaska, temperature levels can fall to 60 below in the winter months, so heating up the community is a big work. In September, in an effort to go a little greener, Ambler switched to an eco-friendly energy choice. Alaska Public Media ' s Elyssa Loughlin reports that the modification means both a course toward cleaner power and also a much more lasting economic situation for Alaska Indigenous communities. ELYSSA LOUGHLIN,'Alaska Public Media: Woodrow Grist is keeping the fire active that fuels Ambler ' s brand-new biomass furnace. It makes use of in your area harvested cordwood to heat the area ' s water system and public centers. Now, rather than melting fuel oil, a nonrenewable fuel source, the town ' s primary offices are mainly heated by an eco-friendly source. Ambler mayor Morgan Johnson'anticipates the heater to draw away the community ' s limited fuel shops to personal residences.MAYOR MORGAN JOHNSON, Ambler, Alaska: We sanctuary ' t been putting fuel in the gas containers thus far, simply the drivers are maintaining the fire going and also hopefully that can occur throughout the winter season, you recognize', as well as we can save a great deal of cash and buck. ELYSSA LOUGHLIN: The biomass heater system, which was installed by the Alaska Native Tribal Health And Wellness Consortium has been running given that September. MORGAN JOHNSON: See, that ' s what I ' m speaking about. ELYSSA LOUGHLIN: This is a welcome source of renewable resource in remote Alaska, where gas costs aren ' t specifically high burden.Northwest Arctic District Power Manager Ingemar Mathiasson states the city ' s scenario is much more perilous currently because of climate modification. As spring comes earlier and snowmelt declines, the Kobuk River, which streams through Ambler, doesn ' t constantly stay high sufficient for gas barges to make it to the city safely. That can force residents to depend on airplanes, the most costly type of transportation. INGEMAR MATHIASSON, Power supervisor, Northwest Arctic Borough: You ' re based on away problems like in the certain situation today where Russia get into Ukraine. That elevates the price for the entire world ' s supply of oil.And you wear ' t want those. If you want security, sustainability, you want to do the renewable energies at home initially as high as you can. ELYSSA LOUGHLIN: The biomass heater system was installed in part due to the fact that the woodlands surrounding Ambler are a simple resource for timber to sustain the heater. Task Supervisor Katya Karankevich claims a high enter the cost of heating gas last autumn made the system much more crucial. KATYA KARANKEVICH, Energy Supervisor, Alaska Indigenous Tribe Health And Wellness Consortium: It is an amazing time for the system to find in to concentrate since it will certainly be saving a great deal'more than originally predicted. ELYSSA LOUGHLIN: With the new system, the city will cut its yearly oil consumption by an estimated 3500 gallons.That ' s $50,000 a year that will certainly remain in Ambler. KATYA KARANKEVICH: You get the economic benefits of more jobs for biomass operators, even more work for woodcutters, much less expense for the city to need to run and maintain their doors open up to the laundry as well as the shower solutions. However then second fold, the community is extra independent. ELYSSA LOUGHLIN: Renewable Power Equipments like the Ambler heating system produce a round economic situation in the communities they serve. In Ambler, homeowners are paid for the timber that they collect, chop', and supply to fuel the oven. As well as the'money the city saves money on gas can be reapportioned to supporting its homeowners. The Alaska Indigenous Tribal Health and wellness Consortium has energetic tasks in greater than 80 communities across the state. These renewable resource systems that harvest wind, water and various other sources are anticipated to maintain cash in communities and also placed Alaskans on a path toward a more sustainable future. Jobs like these imply a lot to country Alaskans, where the price of living makes every little thing that a lot harder.But long-lasting Ambler Citizen Brian Visocky thinks renewable energy systems are a possibility to transform that as well as so a lot more. BRIAN VISOCKY, Ambler Local: So, we can be independent as well as we can do the important things that we require to do and feel a feeling of satisfaction. You understand, if you ' re working, if you ' re clean, you feel much better. You understand, it ' s simply the way it is. If you can offer for your household, purchase shoes for your youngsters, food on the table, that is an easy satisfaction. It constantly has actually been for me. Now you ' re going to obtain me emotional. ELYSSA LOUGHLIN: While the heater systems may not be the ideal option for every backwoods, the Alaska Indigenous Tribal Wellness Consortium states they ' re remaining to help Alaska indigenous areas, create sustainable energy systems and also relocate far from making use of fossil fuels.For “PBS News Weekend Break,” I ' m Elyssa Loughlin. JOHN YANG: Now online, our overview to exactly how you can aid sufferers of the California storms.All that and extra is on our internet site, pbs.org NewsHour. Which is “” PBS Information Weekend Break”” for this Saturday. I'' m John Yang. For all of my associates, many thanks for joining us. See you tomorrow
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